Name: Targum Palestine
Alternate Name: Targum Yerushalmi
Description: The Targums were ancient Aramaic translations of the Bible, often with commentary. They were composed several centuries before the Common Era when Aramaic was the dominent language of the Near East. They divided into the Palestinian and Babylonian schools, the former being paraphrasic, expansive and interpretive, while the latter tend to be literal word-for-word renderings of the original Hebrew."